(1) In these accounts, the perceptions of the sultana have ranged from a collaborator to a Mamluk puppet (Strayer).(2) Over the last seven years of her political career, the former sultana maintained effective de facto control until the end.(3) This account has depicted the sultana 's tenacity and political savvy in holding the Ayyubid kingdom together.(4) In addition to listing the usual events portrayed in most histories, this author has presented a rather unique picture of the sultana which kept with his personal agenda for writing this work.(5) From this point onward, the future sultana steadily gained influence in the sultan's eyes.(6) Rumour has it that Boabdil's sultana kept assignations here with her lover Hamet, and screened by tamarisks, overpowered by the scent of orange blossom, who could possibly blame them?(7) Two authors, Susan Staffa and Fatima Mernissi, have focused on the sultana , emphasized her life and minimized the events of the Crusade and the male supporting cast around her.(8) Having skirted the issue of Shajara's political influence in this manner, Humphreys did not have to mention the caliph's order for the sultana 's abdication.(9) For example, in order to control her second husband, the sultana had to kill him.(10) Subsequently, Ali, the new sultan, handed the former sultana to his mother.(11) Three days later, the former sultana met her fate.(12) The complexity and depth of these scholars' individual accounts of the sultana have varied according to her relevance to their respective works.(13) When al-Musta'sim, the Abbasid caliph, opposed her reign, the sultana abdicated and married Aybek.(14) Ulrich Haarman, in Geschichte der arabischen Welt, has observed the marriage between Aybek and the sultana , adding the Caliph's objections and the plot against Aybek.(15) a sultana cake(16) To complete his investigation, Schregle has also examined coinage, and the sultana 's tombstone for cultural information on her life.